Friday, May 25, 2018

Wyatt Earp Round 1: The Gunfight at the O. K. Corral

I have been a fan of Wyatt Earp since I was a youngster watching westerns on television. Marshal Earp even had his own program ("The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp") with Hugh O'Brian portraying the peace officer. Of course, these stories were not overly factual. Earp's history inspired me as a child when I began writing short stories. Some of the earliest ones I wrote were westerns having plots resembling the Earp adventures. It's too bad I didn't save those early pieces of "art"!

My interest in him revived with the arrival of two movies twenty-five years ago or so. "Wyatt Earp" starring Kevin Costner and "Tombstone" with Kurt Russell. While the former told the entire life story of the man (a very LONG movie), Tombstone focused on the events surrounding the famous gunfight. I found the former a bit more informative while the latter more interesting, especially with Val Kilmer's portrayal of Doc Holliday.

In our Tuesday evening class at church, our pastor, at one point, used Earp as an illustration of courage. This resulted in an impromptu discussion of "Tombstone" and the lawman. Renewing my interest in Earp, I've decided to post a couple of articles on significant events in his career based on my historical understanding of those events. This post is the first in that series.

The "Gunfight at the O. K. Corral" has risen to legendary status. Unfortunately, none of us were in Tombstone for those few seconds. Over the years, various books, articles, and movies have appeared providing differing views of this battle. But, what really happened? Well, I don't know. However, historical research of that moment in our history has been closely studied, especially over the past twenty years. The testimonies of Wyatt Earp and Ike Clanton are known as are several eyewitness statements. Also, the newspaper article written by a man at the scene is also available. Obviously, there are some contradictions (especially between Earp and Clanton). This is normal even for honest eyewitnesses. No one sees an incident quite the same way as another.

I've tried to read as much as I can on the gunfight, but I can't be certain my account is any more accurate than someone else's. Nevertheless, here is my take on what happened in 1881.

The Background

Cattle rustling was occurring on our southern border, certainly in Cochise County in the far southern portion of the Arizona Territory. These "cowboys" would steal cattle from Mexico, bring them across the border, and resell them. The local word was that the McLaury and Clanton families were very much involved in this activity.

The county sheriff was John Behan, considered by many historians as being inept at best and corrupt at worse. He took few steps to reign in the rustlers. Virgil Earp was the United States Marshal as well as the Tombstone city marshal. Virgil focused his efforts on Tombstone and much of his federal responsibility was in the hands of his deputy and brother, Wyatt Earp. Wyatt had his eyes on Behan's job and intended to face him in the 1882 fall election.

In March of 1881, some of the cowboys held up a stagecoach in Arizona Territory. The driver and one passenger were killed. Wyatt, seeing the potential benefit to his political ambitions to capture the robbers, presented a deal to Ike Clanton and Frank McLaury, two of the cowboys who, at the time, were approachable. He asked them to use their "inside" knowledge to help him capture the three robbers.

But, before an agreement was reached, two of the robbers were killed in New Mexico by bartender brothers. The cowboys subsequently killed them. Also, in August of that year, Mexican officials killed five rustlers including the third robber and Newman Clanton, father of Ike and Billy Clanton.

These events left Ike Clanton in a tenuous situation. Wyatt knew that Ike had agreed to help him and, if word of this agreement reached the cowboys, he would likely be a target. Meanwhile, the Earps became the major law enforcement figures in the area and took a hard stand against criminal activity. Because of their firm position, the cowboys vowed to kill them.

Twenty-Four Hours Before

On October 25, 1881, Ike confronted Wyatt and accused him of having shared their secret agreement with Earp's friend, Doc Holliday. Wyatt denied the charge and sent for Holliday in Tucson. The latter, an often, drunk dentist with a strange sense of humor, road from Tucson to Tombstone. Holliday was incensed over the false accusation and, once reaching Tombstone, argued with Clanton. Clanton, who was unarmed at the time, was challenged by Doc to get his gun and fight. The Earp brothers (Virgil, Wyatt, and Morgan) intervened, attempting to cool things down.

While Holliday was in his hotel, Clanton got his gun. Then, he joined Virgil Earp, Tom McLaury, and John Behan in a poker game! This game ended around 7 a.m. on the morning of October 26. Ike, under the influence of whiskey, told Virgil to tell Holliday he had to fight. When Virgil refused to carry the message to the dentist, Ike threatened the Earps.

Throughout the day, Ike continued his drinking and, while doing so, threatened the Earps in whatever saloon he happened to be. Around noon, Virgil and Morgan saw Ike with a gun. Virgil cracked his head and hauled him before the local judge. Threats continued between Ike and the Earps. Clanton was fined for carrying a gun within city limits and released.

Outside these proceedings, Wyatt argued with Tom McLaury. Earp slapped the man and then hit him over the head with his gun. Billy Claiborne, another cowboy witnessing these events, found Frank McLaury and Billy Clinton, drinking in a saloon, and told them about the beatings. The cowboys decided to meet later at the O. K. Corral. Their threats against the Earps continued.

Image result for Map of OK Corral Gunfight

The Battle

Several witnesses overheard the threats of the cowboys against the Earps in the vacant lot on Fremont Street just behind the O. K. Corral. They reported these threats to Virgil Earp who request Sheriff Behan's help in disarming the men. Around 2 p.m., Behan said he would go down to the gang and convince them to surrender their guns. The Earps and Holliday waited over fifteen minutes when they received word from another witness that the gang was still armed in the vacant lot.

With that, Earp handed a short-barreled shotgun to Doc Holliday who hid it under his long coat. Virgil took Doc's walking stick and the four men began their trek down Fremont Street. Behan caught them in route and said, "For God's sake, don't go down there or you will get yourself murdered." Virgil indicated he intended to disarm the cowboys. Behan's response led the Earps to believe he had already disarmed them, so Wyatt holstered his gun into his coat pocket.

The vacant lot was roughly fifteen feet wide with Fremont Street on the north, a fence to the corral on the south, the Harwood House on the west and Fly's Lodgings on the east. At least four cowboys and a couple of horses were in the lot with their backs somewhat towards the west. From left to right: Tom McLaury, Frank McLaury, Ike Clanton, and Billy Clanton. Some reports claim Billy Claibourne was there as well but fled when the Earps arrived.

The Earps stepped somewhat into the lot with their backs toward Fly's Lodgings. Opposite Tom McLaury was Doc Holliday, with Morgan to his left, Wyatt on his left, and Virgil on the far end. The men were extremely close to one another at this moment.

Virgil Earp shouted, "Throw up your hands, boys, I intend to disarm you." At this point, things became very confused. Within twenty-five seconds, thirty shots were fired. The McLaurys were dead as was Billy Clanton. Morgan, Virgil, and Doc were wounded. Ike Clanton had fled the scene and only Wyatt Earp was left untouched.

Of course, almost every account of the actual shooting differs. The account which I find most convincing goes something like this.

Frank McLaury made a motion for his gun. In response, Wyatt pulled his weapon from his coat pocket and wounded him. As he did, Billy Clanton fired at Wyatt and missed. Then, there was a brief pause. Doc Holliday blasted Tom with the shotgun, who crawled onto Fremont Street.

At some point during the chaos, Ike Clanton ran forward and grabbed Wyatt. He later claimed he was trying to protect him. Wyatt yelled at him, "The fight has commenced, get to fighting or get away." Ike fled across the street into a saloon and was later arrested.

Reports say Billy Clanton shot Morgan Earp in the shoulder and he collapsed to the ground. Billy also hit Virgil in the calf and he went down. Both Virgil and Morgan hit Clanton with multiple gunfire and Clanton would die in the vacant lot an hour later. 

Frank, though wounded, was crossing Fremont when he was shot by both Holliday and Morgan, the latter in a seated position on Fremont Street. McLaury, dying, still pulled his gun and pointed at Holliday saying, "I've got you now." Holliday replied, "Blaze away! You're a daisy if you have." Frank fired, the bullet pierced Holliday's gun holster and grazing his skin. Frank McLaury died in the street before Holliday could shoot him.

When the shooting ended, Ike Clanton was in a nearby saloon, Tom and Frank McLaury were both dead on Fremont Street, and Billy Clanton was dying, lying against the wall of the Harwood House in the vacant lot. Virgil Earp, also in the lot, was down and wounded in the calf. Morgan Earp was wounded in the shoulder and down on Fremont Street. Holliday was also wounded and standing in the street. Wyatt Earp had remained virtually in his same location where he was when the fight began.

The ramifications of this showdown would continue and even escalate over the coming months.

  
Some of the resources I have used in the formulation of my description of the shooting follow:

Glenn Boyer’s “I Married Wyatt Earp: The Recollections of Josephine Sarah Marcus Earp”, a novelized account, not completely factual.

Stuart Lake’s “Wyatt Earp: Frontier Marshal”, the work which made Earp a legend.

Casey Tefertiller’s “Wyatt Earp: The Life Behind the Legend”, a more recent publication which I find to be the most compelling account. 

Frank Water’s “The Earp Brothers of Tombstone”, which has been found to have some credibility problems.

Various articles found in “Real West” and “Wild West” magazines online.








Wednesday, April 18, 2018

MY Top Ten: Movies

So far this week I have posted my top 10 books (books) as well as my top 10 theological works (theology). Today, I decided to add my top 10 movies.  I realize the difficulties in making such choices but, at this stage, who cares. They're MY choices anyway!

My criteria for these selections are:

1. It must be a movie I have watched completely.
2. It may be of any genre.
3. It may be a silent or a "talkie".
4. It may be "black and white" or "color".
5. Its position in the list is, for the most part, indicative of (a) how much I enjoyed it and (b) how often I have seen it.

I'm certain my list today is different from one written a few years ago and, probably, different from one written a few years from now. But, as of today, here are my top 10 favorite movies.

10. "Star Wars V: The Empire Strikes Back" - 1980 starring Mark Hamill, Harrison Ford, Carrie Fisher, and Billy Dee Williams (Empire)

No list of mine would be complete without a Star Wars film. These films radically changed special effects within science fiction flicks. Of the eight presently available (I do not consider "Rogue One" in this collection), #5 is the best of the bunch. The characters are cleverly developed, the special effects are outstanding, and the storyline progresses much better than it did in Episode IV. And, of course, it has John Williams' music.

9
.  "North by Northwest" - 1959 starring Cary Grant, James Mason, Eva Marie Saint, Leo G. Carroll, and Martin Landau (NNW)

I love Alfred Hitchcock movies and this one tops his list for me. It is a case of mistaken identity, resulting in a chase across the country. Grant is chasing those who have mistaken him while he is being chased by the authorities for the murder of a United Nations member. It is funny and exciting with great camera shots. Of course, you will also find the airplane-human corn field scene.


8.  "The Maltese Falcon" - 1941 starring Humphrey Bogart, Sydney Greenstreet, Peter Lorre, Mary Astor, and Elisha Cook, Jr. (Falcon)


Detective Sam Spade's partner has been killed and he has to find the killer. Suddenly, he is involved with three men and a woman in quest of a priceless statuette. Bogart is at his best as Spade and I believe this is one of Greenstreet's best film. 

7.  "Lawrence of Arabia" - 1962 starring Peter O'Toole, Alec Guinness, Anthony Quinn, Jack Hawkins, and Omar Sharif (Lawrence)

The story of T. E. Lawrence and his fight for Arabia. The film won 7 Academy Awards including Best Picture and Best Director. The shots of the desert are absolutely stunning. Having read some by Lawrence as well as about him, I thought the film did a good job at telling his story in an exciting manner.

6.  "The Bridge on the River Kwai" - 1957 starring Alec Guinness, William Holden, Jack Hawkins, and Sessue Hayakawa (Kwai)

Winner of the Best Picture, Best Director, and Best Actor Academy Awards, the movie tells the story of a captured World War II British force (led by Guinness) who build a bridge for the Japanese camp commander (Hayakawa) across the river Kwai. Stunning setting and an actual bridge explosion highlight this film of "madness".

5.  "It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World" - 1963 starring Spencer Tracy, Sid Caesar, Milton Berle, Ethel Merman, Jonathan Winters, and more (World) 

"It's buried under a big W" and the show begins. It is a mad dash by a crowd of moronic individuals looking for buried treasure. Almost every comedian from the 1950s and early 60s has a role in this film. 

4.  "Arsenic and Old Lace" - 1944 starring Cary Grant, Priscilla Lane, and Raymond Massey (Lace) 

Of all the comedies I have seen on film, I think this is the best one. It is not a long film but has one laugh after another. The Brewster sisters are up to no good and things get hectic when their nephews (Grant and Massey) arrive at their home.

3.  "Ben-Hur" - 1959 starring Charlton Heston, Jack Hawkins, and Stephen Boyd (Ben-Hur)

This film won 11 Academy Awards including Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actor, and Best Supporting Actor. The movie is based on the novel by Lew Wallace. It is a long movie but well worth the time. The story revolves around Judah Ben-Hur and his Roman friend Messala. Interwoven beautifully is the story of Jesus Christ leading to his death and resurrection. Of course, the film contains the famous chariot race.

2.  "Casablanca" - 1942 starring Humphrey Bogart, Ingrid Bergman, and Claude Rains (Casablanca)

Rick's is the place to be in North Africa during World War II. Well, that is until the Germans arrive followed by Rick's former girl friend, Ilsa. A classic movie with several well-known quotes. Also starring Peter Lorre and Sydney Greenstreet. 

1.  "Citizen Kane" - 1941 starring Orson Welles and Joseph Cotton (Kane)

The greatest movie ever made! Welles wrote it, directed it, and starred in it. His camera shots are legendary. The movie presents the life story of one Charles Foster Kane (loosely based on the life of William Randolph Hearst). Of course, the infamous "Rosebud" looms over the entire picture. No thrilling special effects necessary, thank you very much! 

So many movies left off. I could include all the Star Wars films, several of the Star Trek movies, the Indiana Jones films, more Hitchcock, and other films with Bogart. How about "The Ten Commandments" with Heston, "Fargo" and "No Country for Old Men" by the Coen brothers, and great westerns ("High Noon", "Tombstone", "The Man Who Shot Liberty Valence")? My list also omits disaster movies such as "The Poseidon Adventure" and "The Towering Inferno"). Other sci-fi films such as my favorite pre-"Star Wars" movie:  "The Day the Earth Stood Still" (the 1951 Michael Rennie version, not the recent remake!). Comedies would include the Hope and Crosby "Road" pictures or the "Abbott and Costello Meet" films.  Furthermore, I have no John Wayne movies on my list! 

And so on and so forth...  Perhaps, one day, I will divide my movie lists according to genre. That might provide a better representation of the films I enjoy.

For now, that's my list. How about you?

GORT, KLAATU BARADA NIKTO!




Tuesday, April 17, 2018

MY Top Ten: Books

Yesterday, I posted my top 10 theological works in another blog (here). I explained in that entry my dislike of such lists, yet, I am repeatedly asked about such things. So, in this blog entry, I am assembling my "Top 10" list of the books I have read. My criteria for these selections are as follows:
1. It must be a printed publication (I don't do e-books).
2. It must be a work I own.
3. It must be a work I have read completely at least once!
4. Its position in the list is, for the most part, indicative of (a) how much I enjoyed and/or learned from it and (b) how often I have read it.
5. The work may be from any genre.
6. The Scripture is intentionally omitted from the list.

Selecting ten favorites from the thousands I own and have read is almost impossible. I'm sure my list has changed from a few years ago and will likely change in the future. As of this writing, though, here are my top 10 favorite books.

10. "Lost Horizon" by John Hilton (NOT Milton!)

I found the story of Shangri-La a fascinating one yet, I must admit, my love of the book became greater after seeing the 1937 movie starring Ronald Colman.

9.  "Journey to the Center of the Earth" by Jules Verne

Verne has been one of my favorite authors since early childhood. In the realm of science fiction, I place him at #2.  I've read most, if not all, of his works but enjoy this tale of adventure to the inner parts of the earth. There's a lesson here on perseverance (or, perhaps, how to be foolhardy!).

8.  "Advise and Consent" by Allen Drury

This is Drury's Pulitzer Prize winner and the first of a series of political books involving the likes of Orrin Knox, Ted Jason, Robert A. Leffingwell, Senator Seab Cooley, Senator Bob Munson, and Vice-President Harley Hudson. Drury followed this hit with sequels employing the same cast of characters and I enjoyed each one. In this case, the 1962 movie was a "let-down" for me when compared to the novel.

7.  "The Time Machine" by H. G. Wells

Herbert George Wells is, in my humble opinion, the best science fiction author of all time. I own, have read, and enjoyed all of his sci-fi works. I could place any of them on this list but I limit myself to only two, the two I consider his best. My fascination with time also made this particular story more fascinating to me. Unfortunately, the movie versions of the book fail to capture the true story.

6.  "Here I Stand" by Roland H. Bainton

Without apology, Martin Luther is my Christian "idol", warts and all. Used by God at a critical time in the history of the world, he helped change the world, at least the western part of it. There are many biographies on his life but the older one by Bainton I find to be the best.

5.  "Treasure Island" by Robert Louis Stevenson

Another childhood love, I must have read this book twenty times before my teen years. The story of the young boy sailing with the likes of pirate Long John Silver was too exciting to ignore. The 1934 movie version starring Jackie Cooper as the young Jim Hawkins and Wallace Beery as the one-legged Silver is the best one I've seen.

4.  "A Study in Scarlet" by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

Well, here I have some difficulty. Doyle wrote sixty Holmes stories, four novels and fifty-six short stories. I do own the entire collection and have read each of them several times. Of the four Sherlock Holmes novels ("The Valley of Fear", "The Sign of Four", "The Hound of the Baskervilles", and "A Study in Scarlet"), I have enjoyed the first novel the most (though I do like "Hound"). The recent movies and TV series involving the character of Sherlock Holmes are, in my view, shameful. The best performance of Sherlock Holmes I have ever seen was by the late actor, Jeremy Brett, in the BBC Holmes series done in the late 80s and early 90s. That series tended to stick closely to the original works.

3.  "War of the Worlds" by H. G. Wells

This is my other selection for Wells, the best science fiction work every written in my eyes. The story of the Martian invaders is a repeated theme today but not when the story was written. Two major film versions have been done. The 1953 version with Gene Barry is entertaining while the Martians in the 2005 Tom Cruise version are more like those in the book. However, neither movie grabs me as did the book. I have read this story several times and absolutely love it.

2.  "The Bondage of the Will" by Martin Luther

Luther's book is the one work (apart from the Bible) on any theological subject which has impacted my life the most. I still recall the first time I read it and was blown away by Luther's thought and use of the Scripture to support what he was teaching. Yes, the good doctor can be "raw" at times. Yet I find Luther's argument (this was a response to Erasmus) completely convincing from the Scriptures. Given the fact the work is almost five-hundred years old, it can be a challenging read. Nevertheless, your effort will be well spent.

1.  "Pilgrim's Progress" by John Bunyan

Having read Bunyan's work multiple times, "Pilgrim's Progress" remains refreshing with each pass. I seem to learn or understand something new each time. I would guess I average reading the book about once a year and still enjoy it after several reads. It is challenging English and a more modern English version might help.  However, such a version is NOT Bunyan! The story is, of course, an allegory, an illustration of the Christian life. Bunyan has several references to the Word to demonstrate where  his allegorical message has been taken. 

That's my present list. How about yours?

HAPPY READING!








Friday, April 6, 2018

St. Louis Blues

Yes, I have been a fan of the Blues since their first day in the NHL. The team's first three seasons were magical: 3 Stanley Cup finals! Even though they lost to Montreal 4 games to 0 twice and to Boston 4 games to 0, they were, at least, in the finals.

But, since those first 3 seasons, 47+ years have passed and no Stanley Cup final games have been played involving the Blues. Each season, "they bleed blue" according to their commercials. The season starts and they play great. Then, usually in December or January, the downhill slide begins. Oh, there have been exceptions, but, generally speaking, this seems to be the trend.

2017-2018 is no exception. Even in early November, the Blues had the best record in the NHL. Now, they have two games remaining in the regular season and may very well miss the playoffs. As of this writing, they are 1 point behind Colorado for the final playoff place. They play the Hawks tonight in Chicago and then in Colorado for the final game. Even if the win tonight, they will need at least a tie against the Avalanche. This is a big hill to climb. The team almost appears cursed!

I have never played or coached ice hockey, so I realize I do not make the best analyst. But, I do watch some games involving not only the Blues but also other NHL teams (good ones!). I've made some observations (good and bad) from these games and thought I would share some suggestions when it comes to how the Blues play.

1. SHOOT THE PUCK! Good grief, they pass and pass and pass and ... lose the puck. Shoot the thing, men! Get a guy or two in front of the net and let it rip. You will not score without shooting. More shots, please!

2. "SO-AND-SO SHOT WIDE". How many times in one game can Jon Kelly repeat himself? When they do shoot, they shoot high, they shoot wide, they "miss the net". Come on, men, the net is 6 feet wide 4 feet tall. Perhaps you need to spend more time in practice shooting at the net. Time and time again, I have watched a Blues player with the puck six feet from the net and they shoot wide. Enough, already.

3. DUMP AND CHASE. Dump the puck into your offensive end and then chase it down. Not a bad philosophy IF (1) you have the speed to chase it down, (2) someone actually chases it down! Too often, a Blues player dumps the puck in and the defense immediately brings it back out. What's the point (unless you are in a line change)?

4. SHOOTER!  I have seen certain individuals in pick-up basketball games never really play defense. They will hover around the center line on the court, wait for someone on their team to get the ball, and then head for the offensive end for a pass and shot. They are shooters because that's all they care about. Watching the Blues, I see some similar behavior. Certain players hover between their blue line and center ice, waiting on one of their team members to get the puck and hit them with a long pass ("stretch pass"). Instead, they should be in the defensive zone, working on getting the puck. I truly believe the Blues would play a better game IF THEY ASSUMED the old 2-line pass rule was in place and the puck had to be carried from one zone to another. Perhaps, then, some of the "shooters" would play more defense.

That's enough from me. Take it for what it's worth.

While I hope the Blues make the playoffs and, then, find some magic to hang around all the way to the finals, I don't really believe it's going to happen this year. Not unless something radically changes starting tonight.

Monday, March 19, 2018

Some Wandering Thoughts on Guns

Just some brief wandering thoughts of mine on the matter of gun control. Sorry, I used the wrong phrase. "Gun Safety" is now the buzz word and is preferred over "gun control". Of course, the latter phrase promptly runs into trouble with NRA supporters. So, clever politicians have shifted the vocabulary to cover their true motive. They did the same thing years ago when they changed "abortion" to "pro-choice" in an effort to cover the slaughter of the unborn.

To those gun safety advocates out there, I ask one question: what gun safety training did the Florida school shooter lack? He knew how to load the gun. He certainly (and regrettably) knew how to fire the gun. I guess he missed that part of the gun safety class where he would have learned you don't shoot innocent people with your gun. By the way, if you are so keen on "gun safety", you should be a supporter of the NRA because that's who they are!

The situation in Florida had nothing to do with gun safety. It had to do with an evil, deranged individual, and a failure by those in authority. Since then, the cry is for more gun control (oops, I meant safety!). We need new laws to protect our students. So, Florida rushes to judgment and passes a law prohibiting the purchase of AR-15s by anyone younger than 21. Newsflash, politicians: those 18-21 have a far greater weapon than an AR-15. They have the right to vote. If they are too young to own a gun, they are too young to vote.

But, we all know such a law will not prevent a deranged eighteen-year old from getting his hands on a weapon if he intends to harm others. Those who wish to commit the crime of murder have no problem first committing the crime of theft.

So, for full gun safety, we need to eliminate the firearms. Yes, I know, the left will immediately scream, "No, that's not what we want." Well, maybe you won't say so out loud or maybe you haven't pursued your logic to its proper end.

Deranged eighteen-year olds can no longer buy an AR-15. But, they might steal one. So, why don't we pass a law forbidding the manufacturing of a weapon which, supposedly, has no use other than to kill humans? Ok, law passed. AR-15s are no longer manufactured and, in fact, are removed from society. So, the deranged eighteen-year old steals a .357 Magnum instead and shoots several students. Solution: get rid of .357 Magnums! And, so on and so forth. Logic dictates true gun safety will occur only when all guns are out of the hands of private citizens. Of course, this assumes no soldier or security personnel ever becomes deranged!

The left always shouts their support for the second Amendment and then adds the "but" caveat. Well, in Illinois, there is an effort to actually begin gun confiscation. You may read one article on that matter here (Illinois gun confiscation).

Finally, if one could eliminate all guns from our country, why wouldn't a deranged individual use a bomb or knife or truck or car or train or plane?

Tuesday, February 13, 2018

Illinois 2018

I am not a resident of Illinois, but, having been born there, still have an interest in the state. My entire lifetime has witnessed the dominance of politics in that state by Chicago and Cook County. Over the past couple of decades, the influence of Democratic Congressmen have resulted in an incredible tax burden upon it's citizens. Residents of that great state need to sit up and take notice of what has been going on in the State House under Mike Madigan's "leadership".

Now, almost nightly, ads appear on St. Louis local television promoting the candidacy of J. B. Pritzker for the Democratic nomination for Illinois Governor. J. B. has big plans and big promises, the same ones espoused by the left-wing for many years. The promises appeal to the ears of the public: equal wages, government-provided health care, free college tuition, etc., etc., etc. Of course, to bring all of these promises to fruition, more money is required. And exactly where is that money going to come from, Illinois resident? You, yes, you.

Now J. B. says he has a way to pay for all of his promises and I quote:

“You’ve got to ask yourself this question: How are we going to pay for the things that we really want?” Pritzker told reporters at Pilgrim Rest Missionary Baptist Church. “And if you ask me, we’ve got to start by saying, before we ever get to raising taxes on the middle class, we’ve got to ask millionaires and billionaires, people who can afford to pay it, and that includes corporations, to step up to the plate.”

In other words, by raising taxes. This is the same mantra that has placed the state (as well as the country) in such a hole. If I lived in Illinois, I would never qualify as a millionaire. But, how long will it be until J. B. needs more money than he's getting from the so-called upper class for his programs? How long before some of those upper class individuals take their money to other states? Come on, J. B., more taxes is NOT the solution.

Illiniois needs to cut their taxes as does every state as well as the Federal government. It is not the government's responsibility to fully provide for the needs of their citizens. As our Federal Constitution reads, the government is "to provide for the common defense, promote (note: "promote", not "provide") the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty".


In fact, I want J. B. or any politician to explain to me why one citizen should pay a higher percentage of their income than another? The government provides for the common defense of all citizens equally. No millionaire is given extra protection through their extra taxes. No millionaire has more votes than other citizens. The government, effectively, does nothing extra for those who pay a higher percentage of their income. The reason government taxes them at a higher percentage is because they have MORE MONEY than others. J. B. says we must "ask" such people to pay more. No, what he means is the government must DEMAND they pay more.

I have no issue with an American citizen contributing to our government more than their required share. But I disagree that any American should be COMPELLED to pay a higher percentage of their income in taxes than other Americans.

Hey J.B. (and others like you), why not pass a flat tax rate for all citizens? Even better, why not eliminate income taxes all together?

No, I am not an Illinois citizen, so how you run your state is up to you. But I must confess I believe you are either naïve or foolish to believe any politician who promises to give you "the moon" simply by increasing the taxes on the wealthy. If they want more money from their people, they really are not for their people.

That's my opinion.

Wednesday, November 16, 2016

Eliminating the Electoral College: A Bad Idea

Let us remember, we are the United STATES of America.  The founders wanted most of our government handled at the state level, not the Federal.  This is why the Constitution enumerates what powers are granted to the Federal government.  All other power is left with the states.

The election of a representative to lead the Executive branch (i.e., the President) must be someone selected by the united STATES, not simply by the majority of Americans.  If the majority of voters selects the President then it is very possible for an individual to win the highly metropolitan areas but not the majority of the STATES.  Our leader would not even have the support of the majority of states.  That is not what a representative government should desire.

The Electoral College imbeds the population of the entire country with the assurance of smaller states having a say in electing the leader of ALL STATES.  Yes, sometimes that leader will not win the most votes.  But we are a REPUBLIC, not a democracy.

Keep the college!

Monday, November 7, 2016

November 8, 2016

I'm ready to vote!  And, in case anyone is interested, here is my stance on the candidates and issues:

President/Vice-President:  Donald J. Trump and Michael R. Pence (please, no more Clintons!)

U. S. Senator:  Roy Blunt

Governor:  Eric Greitens

Lieutenant Governor:  Mike Parson  (please, no more Carnahans!)

Secretary of State:  Jay Ashcroft

State Treasurer:  Eric Schmitt

Attorney General:  Josh Hawley

U. S. Representative for District 3:  Blaine Luetkemeyer

State Senator for District 23:  Bill Eigel

State Representative for District 65:  Tom Hannegan

Circuit Judge Circuit 11 Division 2:  Deborah Alessi

Associate Circuit Judge Circuit 11 Division 13:  Rebeca McKelvey

County Council District #6:  Mike Klinghammer

Missouri Supreme Court Judge Richard B. Teitelman:  NO

Missouri Court of Appears Judges, Eastern District Philip M. Hess:  NO

Eastern District Court of Appeals Judge James M. Dowd:  NO

Constitutional Amendment No. 1:  NO

Constitutional Amendment No. 2:  NO

Constitutional Amendment No. 3:  NO

Constitutional Amendment No. 4:  NO

Constitutional Amendment No. 5:  YES

Statutory Measure Proposition A:  NO

County of St. Charles Proposition S:  NO

Wednesday, November 2, 2016

Hillary supporters

I want to ask those of you who support Hillary Clinton one question:  WHY?

Can you truly believe anything this woman says?  Do you really believe she is going to do all that she has promised to do?  If you answered "Yes" then I ask again, "Why do you believe her?"

Actually, HOW can you believe her?  She has lied and lied and lied some more.  As the letters continue to surface, her entire campaign, her entire life is a lie.

Those of you are support Hillary and are followers of Christ, remember who the father of lies is.  One who is a liar by nature has learned that skill from their "father".

Enough said.  Save our country and vote for someone other than Hillary Clinton.

Monday, October 31, 2016

Evaluation of the President's Policies Flowchart



I have no idea who came up with this and perhaps it has been around for a while. But I saw it today for the first time and it gave me a chuckle.




Increasing taxes to pay for pre-k education

The ads are running frequently on television promoting a massive increase in the cigarette tax to pay for pre-k education.  These promotions even use children to sway the hearts of those watching.  The announcement proclaims this tax to be a "hands off" tax by the politicians meaning the money may only be used to fund pre-k education.

20 years ago the promotion was that the tax on casino gambling would take care of our education system.  That money would all go to public education.  That was a lie.  Here we go again.

I do not promote smoking and have never smoked.  Such smoke bothers me so I avoid it at all costs.  I understand its addictive nature and feel badly for those who cannot shake the habit.  But increasing their tax is not going to help education.

Suppose the tax passes.  Suppose the money does go completely to education.  Suppose the higher prices result in a reduction in cigarette smokers.  What happens, then, to education costs?  Who is going to pick up the slack when the funds begin to run low?  The government will never permit this new bucket of money to disappear and soon a new tax will be proposed to help our kids.  I suspect kids will be in that ad as well.

We pay more and more every year for public education.  More money is not solving the problems with our school systems.  While we have many very good teachers, we also have "slackers".  The children are, for the most part, not learning as they should.  I have taught in various colleges in the area and I see what the public school systems are producing:  young men and women who cannot do math (especially if you take away their calculators!), who cannot write a paper, who know little of our country's history, and so on and so forth.  Something is amiss and it is not funding!

I urge people NOT to support this tax increase.  In fact I urge voters not to vote for ANY TAX INCREASE, PERIOD!  

It's time our government takes a good, hard look at their budget and makes appropriate cuts.  They do not need more of OUR money.


PROVIDE for the common defense (not merely promote)
PROMOTE the general welfare (not provide)
SECURE the blessings of liberty (not remove)

Friday, October 28, 2016

Grandchildren

Yesterday I received a photograph on my cell phone of my two twin granddaughters who are 21 months now.  It is one of many grandchildren pictures I receive every week since I do have 17 such little people!  I love it when each new picture arrives.

One of the reasons I so enjoy these pictures (and it is a somewhat selfish reason!) is because when I see my grandkids I see an impact I have made on history!  I may never be remembered by anyone outside of my family and, in fact, will likely not be remembered by them in a few generations.  But the world will be impacted by those grandkids and their grandkids and so on.  

I am grateful to God that He can and has used me even in this small way.  What an honor and privilege it is to serve Him.  May my grandchildren each know my Lord personally and each serve Him diligently!

Sunday, October 23, 2016

More Election Fodder

One of the clear messages sent by the American public in the election of Donald Trump as the Republican candidate for President and the overwhelming support for Bernie Sanders during the Democrat primaries is they want new blood in government.  Trump talks about "draining the swamp" and, I agree, much of it needs draining.  Let's start with the Clintons, the Obamas, and the McCaskills of the world!

But we must also exercise caution.

In Missouri, there are two races of special interest.  First is the race for Governor between Eric Greitens and Chris Koster.  While Greitens is the true outsider in the race, Koster has been leading the polls for weeks, coming across as a level-headed politician, interested in helping the people.  Yet Coster has been in politics for quite some time.  Furthermore, he supports big government, he supports Obamacare, and he supports the legalization of illegal aliens in our country.  None of those items will help our state or people.  I am not a Greitens fan, but Greitens has a better plan for Missouri than Koster.

Even more interesting is the Roy Blunt/Jason Kander race for U. S. Senate.  Blunt has been in Washington for many years and, so, he is naturally one of those "in the swamp" that needs to be drained.  OR SO IT SEEMS.  But Kander has been a government official (Secretary of State) since 2012.  More than one election in our state was poorly run while he served in this position, a position in charge of elections.  Kander, like Coster, is a big government, "I love taxes" politician who supports Obamacare.  Furthermore, much of what he has said in his campaign ads against Senator Blunt is untrue.  I like Roy Blunt.  Perhaps he has been in Washington a bit long.  But at least I sense he is fighting for me and my family.  Blunt-yes; Kander-no.

Now some might argue that I simply support Republicans.  Well, that is not true.  Over my many years of voting, I have voted for people from both parties as well as for an independent here and there.  But, in all honesty, I don't see any Democrat these days who has anything to offer us but the same, old, left-wing, big government, tax increase policies of the past 40 years!  The party has continued to drift farther and farther left towards socialism and even communism.  Democrats always talk as though the government has the solution to our problems, that they know what is best for us.  But, in my 60+ years on this planet, I can count on one hand the number of programs the government has run which are truly successful.

Our Founders knew better.  They made our Federal government a LIMITED government.  It was designed to PROVIDE for the common defense (not merely promote it!), PROMOTE the general welfare (not to provide it!), and to SECURE the blessings of liberty (not take them away!).  That's why the Constitution contains the powers given to the Federal government.  They are limited to those powers so enumerated.  Yet the bigger our government gets, the fewer our freedoms become, and the more power they usurp.

I know of no Democrat who has any answer to any problem unless it is MORE GOVERNMENT.  Personally, I want the government off my back and out of my wallet.

The Presidential Election 2016

The Presidential election is nearly upon us.  I will admit at the outset I am not a fan of any of the candidates nor did I vote for any of them in the primary elections.  I have read and listened to policy statements from the 3rd party candidates and, to be perfectly honest, much of what most of them say makes little sense.  There is no doubt that NONE of them have any chance of winning this election.  The next President will be Donald Trump or Hillary Clinton whether I like it or not.

I have voted for the Republican candidate for over 30 years because they most closely align with my political beliefs.  Many of them have been decent men (no one is perfect).  Some of the things Mr. Trump has said do not set well with me in terms of his character.  Of course, much of what the media has said about him is not true since the Clinton server e-mails prove the media, for the most part, is "in the tank" for Secretary Clinton.  

My other possible choice is Secretary Clinton.  Mr. Trump has character flaws but this women IS a character flaw!  She is a constant liar and a liar on a grand scale.  She has spent her entire adult life with one goal:  to be the first woman President.  That has not been Donald Trump's lifelong goal, I know that much.  In a battle over character, I will take Donald Trump any day over Hillary Clinton. 

What will each of them do if elected?  Go read their web site statements.  Listen to their press conferences.  Replay the debates.  We can only rely on what Mr. Trump has said he will do since he has not served in a political office before.  I do know Donald Trump can handle money and jobs so I put much more confidence in him to turn around our economy than Mrs. Clinton who intends to keep President Obama's course of action.

But, with Mrs. Clinton, I have not only her words but also her works.  She has been involved in government for over 30 years as wife of the Arkansas governor, First Lady, New York Senator, and Secretary of State.  What positive contributions has she made in any of those positions?  ABSOLUTELY NONE!  Our present world situation (ISIS, return of Russia) has occurred under President Obama while Mrs. Clinton was Secretary of State.  Can anyone objectively say she has made a positive contribution in that position?

Mrs. Clinton has treated secure data loosely with her server.  She has repeatedly lied to the American people about the server and her e-mails.  She stood next to grieving relatives of those killed in Benghazi as their caskets arrived and lied to their faces concerning their deaths.  Can you really believe anything she says?  

She intends to "keep the course" and maintain President Obama's legacy.  Are you REALLY better off today than you were 8 years ago?  Our national debt has DOUBLED in 8 years and Mrs. Clinton wants to spend more money.  Our nation cannot handle it.  She wants to raise taxes again on those who create jobs.  That only discourages job creation (as well as results in jobs going overseas).  She supports Obamacare.  In fact, if she had her way, we would move to a single payer insurance system where the government is that single system.  Obamacare is presently falling on its face.  

These are only a few of my issues with her policies.  I believe she is the MOST dangerous candidate who has ever run for the office of President.  If elected, she will nominate anywhere from 2-4 Supreme Court justices who do not support the original intent of the Constitution, resulting in a more radical turn in our courts.  Kiss many of your freedoms goodbye (as her about your 2nd Amendment rights!).

While I have problems with Donald Trump, I cannot vote for Hillary Clinton.  Some of you might argue that I should vote for a 3rd party candidate.  But I am a mathematician and such a vote from me actually supports Mrs. Clinton by reducing Mr. Trump's vote by 1.   Any vote that is NOT for Donald Trump is, in effect, a vote for Hillary Clinton no matter how you try to convince yourself otherwise.

This election is too important!  I will vote for Trump, character flaws or not. 

Tuesday, December 17, 2013

2013 Christmas Letter



December 2013

We wish all of our friends a joyous Merry Christmas and very Happy New Year.  The Lord continues to bless our family and we are forever grateful to Him for His mercy and His grace!

Two more grandsons made their arrival this year.  Daughter Jessi and her husband Mike are the parents of a 4th child, Barrett Padraic, born on February 22.  Also, son Jeremy and his wife Lisa are the parents of a 3rd child, Marshall David, born exactly one month later, March 22.  Both boys are so cute and growing very rapidly.  They bring our total to 7 granddaughters and 7 grandsons.  We are truly blessed!

It has been a challenging year as well.  IBM decided they no longer needed the position held by Bruce and he was laid off in July.  Once laid off, he retired from both IBM and McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) and began receiving his pensions.  He still teaches one night a week at Missouri Baptist and pastors Bethesda Baptist Church.  For the present, we are doing fine financially and have insurance as an IBM retiree.  Unfortunately, our needs still require Bruce to work full time so he has been looking for a new job since July.

Debbie has also had a difficult year.  She had surgery on her left foot back in April (she had surgery on the right one last year) but the bone has not healed.  Recently she got a second opinion and that doctor is going to try some other things to help her.  She will have another surgery on that foot in early 2014.  She keeps busy with our ladies ministry at church and loving on her grandkids!

Briefly, here is a summary on our children and their families:

§         Tim & Sonja’s family is changing as well.  Mandie graduated with both a high school diploma and an Associate of Arts from the Missouri Academy at Maryville University in May.  The twins each have a boyfriend (no, the boys are not also twins!).  Jacob is recently engaged to Allison and they are planning a May 31 wedding in our church with Grandpa officiating.

§         Jeremy & Lisa’s daughters, Lydia & Lainey, are in preschool at a local Lutheran church.  Lydia, just completed her first soccer season.  Their home just escaped the May tornado which hit our area.

§         Jessi & Mike are kept busy with baseball being played by Brody and Bryson.  Their daughter Cora turns 2 just before Christmas and is getting bigger (and cuter) every day. 

§         Sarah & Matt moved from Wright City to St. Charles in May, completing the move the day before the tornado hit.  Fortunately, they also escaped any damage.

§         Emily & Tyler are still in the Springfield area.  Both of their older children are now in school.  Gracie is in 2nd grade and Levi in Kindergarten, each of them enjoying their school.  One year old Wesley is keeping his mom busy at home.

§         Becky, Elise, Beth, and Tina still live at home with us.  Each of them drive and work nearby.  They all keep busy with various activities ranging from computer gaming, CosPlay and violin to movie watching and shopping!

We sincerely wish you a Merry Christmas and pray the Lord grants you a great 2014!


The Walkers  (Bruce, Debbie, Rebekah, Elise, Bethany, Christina)